ArtfulAging年岁在长创造力不减英语美文

Artful Aging年岁在长创造力不减英语美文   By Karen Springen and Sam Seibert   Don’t ever assume your best work is behind you. Creativity often peaks in our later years.   On his desk at the University of Kentucky, Prof. David Snowdon displays an artistic treasure: a ceramic sculpture of Santa Claus perched atop a John Deere tractor. The artist, Sister Esther Boor, gave it to him before her death in 2002. At 107, she was the oldest participant in the research project Snowdon directs, the university’s groundbreaking Num Study. Since its start in 1986, the program has investigated the relationship between aging and Alzheimer’s disease by tracking the health of 678 Roman Catholic nuns over 70. Sister Esther took up ceramics after she retired at 97. Snowdon cherishes her reply on first being asked to join the project: “She said she was too busy to be in a study of old people.”   Snowdon still isn’t sure what kept Sister Esther so vibrant for so many years. But the secret of her kind of sustained creative energy is an increasingly valuable one. People are living longer lives than ever before. What matters now is to make those extra years more fulfilling – and it can be done. Researchers who investigate longevity are discovering that old age can be a peak period for creativity. “We always think of winding down in old age,” says Judith Salerno, deputy director of the National Institute on Aging. “We need to begin thinking about late life as an opportunity for people to explore.” Oldsters may not be a quick or prolific as they were in their 20s, but experience is a rich resource. Those who learn to tap it as they grow older can accomplish amazing things and sometimes develop talents they never recognized.   There’s no shortage of precedents, great and small. Some have been classic late bloomers. Laura Ingalls Wilder was in her 50s and 60s when she wrote her “Little House” books. Anna (Grandma Moses) Robertson sold her first paintings to a collector at 79 – and kept at it for the next two decades. Others went on blooming long after their expected season. I.M. Pei designed Cleveland’s Rock and Roll Hall of Fame + Museum in his 70s, and Frank Lloyd Wright died at 91 building his final monument, the Guggenheim Museum. Still others, like Franz Joseph Haydn and Ludwig von Beethoven, found way to redouble their inspiration as they entered their final years.   No one denies that age has costs. A healthy adult’s brain contains approximately 100 billion neurons (nerve cells), some of which die off with age. “For all of us, there’s undoubtedly a very slow degeneration,” says neurologist Arnold Scheibel, turning 82 on Jan. 18 and still hard at work at UCLA. The loss is drastic in people with Alzheimer’s, but no big deal in health individuals. And other parts of the brain actually keep developing as we get older – particularly if we give them plenty of exercise. “Over time, and especially with challenge, brain cells sprout new projections called dendrites,” says Dr. Gene Cohen, author of “The Creative Age” and director of the Center on Aging, Health and Humanities at George Washington University. Dendrites flourish in the brain’s critical information-processing sector throughout our 50s, 60s and 70s.   Despite the gain in dendrites, mental processes tend to lag. “Your reaction time slows down with age,” says Dean Keith Simonton, a psychology professor at the University of California, Davis. “Forget it if you want to take up tennis in your 50s and become a world-class player. But creating things is not a speed test.” Still, some mental pursuits do make it easier than others for young minds to excel. “Different fields require different amounts of expertise,” says Simonton. “In fields that are very abstract and very finite, like higher mathematics, you can make a contribution earlier.”   For those who like scientific definitions, creativity is an exasperatingly slippery concept. Scheibel explains the process as “the putting together of familiar information in an unusual way.” Nevertheless, the seemingly simple idea covers a range of mental tasks, all of them valuable. Researchers sometimes measure creativity by seeing how many different ways a subject can devise to use a paper clip, say, or a toothpick. “If you look at people’s performance on those tests, it tends to increase until around 40 years old, and then it starts to decline,” says Simonton. “But if you look at something called practical creativity – solving everyday problems you have in life – that peaks later.” Sometimes much later, as in the case of Ben Franklin, who at 78 invented the world’s first bifocals for himself.   No one has figured out yet exactly how the brain handles these feats. At UCLA, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may be giving at least some clues into the nature of sudden insights. Subjects are asked to solve simple anagrams. The answers may come in a flash (“Aha!”) or slowly, by methodical examination of the different possibilities. The Aha! Answers are associated with bursts of activity in the brain’s right temporal lobe. “This region seems to connect information of various kinds,” says neurologist Marco Iacoboni, one of the scientists conducting the study. And making fresh connections is an essential part of creativity.   But fireworks aren’t everything. Sometimes inspiration comes slowly and quietly. Depending on the idea, Cohen says, different parts of the brain may dominate. The right hemisphere is typically more involved in visual tasks, and the left brain does more verbal work. Many creative concepts need both halves, as well as the hippocampus, a part of the brain that specializes in information processing and recall. Cohen suspects that these various parts of the brain are at high alert during periods of creative inspiration.   Advancing years can actually help that process along. The kids leave home, and a pension can make it easier to quit your day job. “There’s a freedom in being older,” says veteran radio producer Connie Goldman, 73, author of “Secrets of Becoming a Late Bloomer” and “The Ageless Spirit.” “Teenagers like to all be alike and all dress alike. As we get older, we’re more individuals. We’re ready to be who we are.” Salerno agrees. “In a sense there’s less to lose by trying things in late life,” she says. “You don’t have to be bothered with what other people think.” Growing up can be a relief. Gail Carson Levine was closing in on 50 when she published her first book, “Ella Enchanted,” earning one of the most prestigious prizes in children’s literature, a Newbery Honor. Now 57, she doubts she could have written such a life-affirming book in her younger years. “Adolescents can be very dark,” she says. “That wears off only slowly.”   Age doesn’t always bring wisdom. “If you want to be a rigid old coot, you can do it,” says University of Utah psychologist Monisha Pasupathi. But it’s far from inevitable, she adds: “There’s this myth that old people are rigid.” And a growing body of research suggests that creative activity can actually help keep you healthy. For the last three years Cohen has been conducting a study of 300 senior citizens. Half are participating in community-based arts programs while the others serve as a control group. The members of the arts group make fewer visits to the doctor, fall less often, use less medication and are less likely to be depressed than the controls. Why? “You have a personal sense of mastery,” says Cohen. Other studies have shown similar results.   Scientists are gradually unlocking the secrets of staying mentally vigorous. Marian Diamond, a 78-year-old professor of integrative biology at UC Berkeley, lists five essentials: diet, exercise, challenge, novelty and love. Nutrition’s importance is obvious. Exercise is likewise vital to the cardiovascular and respiratory systems that keep the brain going. Experiments show that lab rats’ brains grow larger and sharper when they get new mazes to solve and a variety of toys to play with. And they live longer – as long as 900 days instead of 600 days – if the scientist (or a graduate assistant) keeps them stimulated. People ask Diamond why she hasn’t retired. “Why should I?” she answers. This year, 736 students signed up for her general human anatomy class.   Chuck Close doesn’t need to be told about challenges. One of the acknowledged masters of contemporary American art at 64, he worries about falling into a rut. “Ease is the greatest enemy of the artist –when you get good at something and just keep cranking it out,” he says. “The hard thing is to keep yourself in a little bit of trouble.” He might seem to have had more trouble than anyone needs without looking for it. At 50 he was hospitalized with a blood clot that initially left him paralyzed from the neck down. In effect he had to learn his craft all over. “I don’t think I’m doing work drastically different than if this hadn’t happened to me,” he says. “I work very slowly. I make three paintings a year.” He admires the way Matisse, Picasso and de Kooning continued to evolve as they grew older. “Otherwise you have to be lucky and die early, like Pollock.” What about his own art? “I hope I’m making some of my best work now, but I’m not done yet,” he says. “Call me back when I’m 89.” It’s a date.

版权声明

弈心博客


首发 弈心博客,转载请附链接!

赞赏支持

感谢支持!


建站不易,感谢支持!

推荐阅读
唯美文艺的语句 唯美文艺的语句 1、一切都似乎顺其自然了起来,你是我的挚爱,我最喜欢的是默默地念着你的名字,甜美而无声地微笑。告诉自己,这就是我爱的人,一个温柔多情的人。写到这里,泪水又止不住地掉了下来,可是还依然在微笑着,衔着满唇的咸泪。你可不要笑我是如此的容易流泪,因为这是一种幸福,一种快乐,一种在感念着生命给予我如此厚重的赐予时的不知所措,而又心安如晴。 2、一处风景,描绘出一段心路;一脉心语,荡
802

美文传说有一片洱海 精选美文传说有一片洱海 “上关花,下关风,下关风吹上关花。苍山雪,洱海月,洱海月映苍山雪。”这是大理有名的 ,说的是大理独有的的风花雪月,早上我要和爸爸妈妈一起去走近那如诗如画的洱海。 租了车,我们便踏上了去双廊的环“海”路,说是海,其实就是个大一点的人工湖,但是今天阳光明媚,水天一色,似乎离天特别近,那白云好像梳过的羊毛一般细密柔顺,的确是一番不可多得的美景。坐在车上,带着田野气息的空
740

苗乡大地的诗行美文 苗乡大地的诗行美文 斗牛 斗智。斗勇。 两对弯月般的锐角,毫不留情,刺向对方颈项。 激烈的打斗,坚硬的角碰触到一起,爆发震慑心魄的巨响。 两头对垒的健牛; 两道黑色的旋风; 两道苍茫大地力与力的博弈。 要将一切阻碍摧毁,要将对手置于死地…… 斗牛,一场没有硝烟的战争? 两头鏖战的牯牛,巨大的喘息声,充斥赛场内外。 它们—— 为必胜的信念而战;
681

越折腾越成功美文欣赏 越折腾,越成功美文欣赏 我认识的一个姑娘,叫橙子,最近忽然忙碌了起来,我们几次三番地约她吃大餐或者去她最爱的KTV,她都毅然决然地拒绝了我们。 正当我们所有人都以为她有了一个不可告人的男朋友而且为此重色轻友的时候,真相忽然大白了,橙子决定去国外留学,所以她在准备托福考试。 这个真相让我们很不能接受。 因为橙子有一份全天下的女孩儿都会羡慕的工作,她是一个空姐。为什么她要放弃高薪的工
791

点亮心灵的灯的作文600字 点亮心灵的灯的作文600字(精选3篇) 在平平淡淡的日常中,大家最不陌生的就是 了吧,借助作文人们可以反映客观事物、表达思想感情、传递知识信息。相信许多人会觉得作文很难写吧,以下是小编为大家收集的点亮心灵的灯的作文600字,仅供参考,欢迎大家阅读。 心灵的明灯需要用母亲的爱来点亮,母亲的爱是世间最温暖的火种。 ——题 记 当我刚刚学会站在地上走路时,我便躺在妈妈的怀抱里询问
803

没有通往幸福的路幸福本身就是路美文 没有通往幸福的路幸福本身就是一条路美文 Too many people think of happiness as the ultimate goal of life. But, if you’re waiting for happiness to arrive then it’s likely that it never will! 有太多人把幸福当作人生的终极目标,但如果你只是等待幸
879

成长的思索美文摘抄 成长的思索美文摘抄 自己和自己打了一架,分不清白昼与黑夜,昏天暗地的冗长时光。每天像打了鸡血一样激进,会不知不觉逼迫自己看书写字,为的只是在高考的战场上给所有人一个交代。我不是一个有才的人,我一直这么认为。纵然学过了一大堆叠得老高的复习 ,我还是对数学函数、几何一窍不通,对地理的相关河流、经纬度位置找不着北,对历代的政治制度云里雾里。 一脸挫败的茫然感,这一次,我作为文科生两年了。
696

大雨滂沱的美文 大雨滂沱的美文 淅淅沥沥的小雨变成了滂沱大雨,一直下。妮妲带来了台风和暴雨,没日没夜地下个不停。听着哗啦哗啦的雨声,我的思绪已经跳回了三下乡。 我们三下乡时,也是雨,大雨滂沱,凝聚我们的感动。 还记得当时逢下午必雨。而上天并不按照常规出牌。一次,到了放学时间才淅淅沥沥下起雨来。一些孩子没有家长来接,便没有雨伞回去了。我们队员纷纷把雨伞贡献出来,送孩子们回家。孩子们到家后那一张张稚嫩的
617

雨中漫步美文欣赏 雨中漫步美文欣赏 春雨温情,润物无声;夏雨洋溢,百花盛放;秋雨缠绵,落叶北风;冬雨凄恻,泠霜冻雪。——题记 一年四季,四季一年。岁月在流逝,风雨却有不同,而然漫步雨中,怎不是一种享受,一种淡然。出风雷不惊,临霜学不匿。一种态度;一种境界;更一种处世思想。不是谁都有这勇气——徒步雨中;也不是谁都有机会徒步雨中;不是谁徒步雨中都有这份心去体会;也不是谁都能够体会到并懂得去享受这份难得的恬静与
580

师爷美文 师爷美文 早年,是城里的贾府里豢养的谋士,贾府的家老爷因为为官站错了队,上峰犯下天条,贾老爷受株连被削职为民,师爷也就随之落魄跑到了乡下,在一个小山村里拿起三尺教鞭,灰头土脸地当起了王,混口饭吃,苟延残年。 一年盛夏,小山村里的陈再旺和儿子陈小旺,爷俩在地里劳作的时候,因为家务事,爷俩撕扯到一起。慌乱间,父亲陈再旺失手将儿子陈小旺的门牙打落。陈小旺气愤不过,便把老父亲陈再旺告到了县衙。
330

每一个你不满意的现在都有一个你不努力的曾经美文 每一个你不满意的现在,都有一个你不努力的曾经美文 读高中的时候,曾经你看到别人拿到清华北大的录取通知书,如果有一天自己也能收到清华北大的录取通知书那该多好啊,可是自己只有羡慕嫉妒恨的份。 大学毕业后,曾经你看到别人轻轻松松的工作就月收入过万,如果有一天自己也能拥有一份这样轻松高薪的工作那该多好啊,可是自己毕业后,工资总是那么一丁点。 看到别人住在豪华高档的别墅里,如果自己也能拥有一所
1262

留点漏洞给别人的美文欣赏 留点漏洞给别人的美文欣赏 老公换了新工作,住房就在公司宿舍六楼。没有电梯,搬家那天,我们扛着行李爬楼梯。楼道很干净,每层拐角处都放着一个垃圾筒,上面连一点污渍都没有。看来这里的清洁工很敬业。 再看垃圾筒里面,我的好印象瞬间打了折扣,里面放的大多是空饮料瓶。把这种可回收资源扔进垃圾筒,既浪费又不环保,送到废品收购处还能换几瓶饮料钱呢。等到打开房门,又被屋里的`情形惊呆了,只见屋里到处都散落
266